An April 2008 Pew Research poll raised a big concern about free trade falling out of favor with many Americans. But recent polls show a bounce back in favor of free trade.
Pew asked: “In general, do you think that free trade agreements like NAFTA, and the policies of the World Trade Organization, have been a good thing or bad thing for the United States?”
From 1997 to 2006, the “good ” response ranged between 44% and 49% -- but for one dip in December 2003 to 34%. The “bad” response ranged between 29% and 35% over this period. However, in November 2007, “good” and “bad” tied at 40%, and in April 2008, “good” came in at 35% and “bad” at 48%.
Fortunately, the new April 2009 survey reversed course away from anti-free trade views – with “good thing” climbing to 44% and “bad thing” falling to 35%.
Other polls on topic of trade experienced similar recent reversals. A CNN/Opinion Research April 2009 poll on whether foreign trade was more an opportunity through increased U.S. exports or a threat from imports (we’ll ignore the economic ignorance underlying the import aspect of this question) found 56% saying “opportunity” versus 40% saying “threat.” In June 2008, it was 51% “threat” and 41% “opportunity.”
And a CBS News/New York Times poll asked if trade with other countries was good or bad for the U.S. economy. In March 2008, 58% said “good,” and 32% “bad.” In April 2009, “good” climbed even higher to 66%, with “bad” falling to 23%.
These are positive signs for trade and our economy. Now, it’s time for the White House and Congress to shift from muddled or even protectionist leanings on trade to getting back to advancing free trade.
Raymond J. Keating
Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council